PA Bill Number: HB2291
Title: In firearms and other dangerous articles, further providing for limitation on the regulation of firearms and ammunition; and, in home rule and ...
Description: In firearms and other dangerous articles, further providing for limitation on the regulation of firearms and ammunition; and, in home rule and ... ...
Last Action: Referred to JUDICIARY
Last Action Date: Feb 18, 2020
Friends of Kristin Phillips-Hill Event - 02/25/2020
LEVEL 2 215 N 2nd Street, Harrisburg, PA
PA Firearms Law Seminar with Lodestone Training and Consulting - 03/7/2020
Lodestone Training and Consulting 1 S. Wilson Ave., Ste. 201 Elizabethtown, PA
2nd Amendment Town Hall Meeting - 03/7/2020
Zem Zem Shrine Club 2525 W 38th Street, Erie, PA
FOAC's The 'Blast' Newsletter & February 9th 2020 Meeting Notice w-Agenda :: 02/08/2020
All too often in today’s contentious political environment we find too many groups which claim the sky is falling to promote their own personal organizational or financial efforts. You go to a rally and someone tries to monetize the altruistic effort to benefit themselves! The real problem with all of this is that the average citizen/gun owner does not know who to trust and becomes jaded in constantly being asked for money by groups which many times and up drifting into the shadows with nothing to show for all the donations they collect.
Why is that important?
Today we face what, by all appearances, is an unprecedented threat in that the unfolding drama in Virginia could be analogized as the coronavirus for Second Amendment defenders and supporters. Democrats won their majorities on a promise to enact sweeping gun control, including universal background checks and a purchase limit of one handgun a month, amongst many others! This is being carried out in a methodical and determined fashion as can be seen in the video below where Virginia citizens are even thrown out of a committee meeting after a draconian gun ban piece of legislation is passed:
The above committee hearing drama happened this week in Virginia. This happened last year in Pennsylvania in September outside of the Senate Judiciary Committee meetings where the anti-gun groups manipulated the circumstances through a hastily called and unannounced press conference in a public hallway.
Leaders of Virginia gun groups were overheard saying that gunowners, at least there, were going to move until the wolf was at the door. Well the wolf is at the door now here in Pennsylvania!
This week, Pennsylvania Gov. Wolf laid down the gauntlet wherein he is calling for, essentially, a capitulation by legislators to the type of stranglehold on the right to bear arms that is now being pushed in Virginia. It’s important to note that this was in his budget address for 2020.
Setting the political stage
Let’s face facts, the Pennsylvania House of Representatives has 203 seats and the Pennsylvania Senate has 50 seats. All of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives seats are up for election this year. There are 16 open seats, due to retiring House members, in this year’s election. We have roughly 108 to 110 dependable pro-gun votes in the House. I don’t think I have to ask anyone reading this as to the math. We simply have to work harder to get pro-gun candidates elected and keep the pro-gun incumbents now in office or Pennsylvania will become Virginia on January 1, 2021. It’s as simple as that.
Like a drug addict, too many Pennsylvania gunowners are hooked on the concept that the Constitution will protect them and they can just sit back and let somebody else do the work. This is why I began this article with the analogy with Virginia. The anti-gun group, Everytown, has promised to dump over $60 million into this year’s elections at the state level. We all know that they do not have the grassroots potential that we do so that is why they are investing so much money into a particular number of states.
I know it comes as no surprise to anyone that I’m a big believer in the concept of grassroots politics and the power of the individual to be the determining factor and protector of the fight for constitutional freedoms. In my experience I have found that, whether in the realm of organized sports or political advocacy, there is probably more untapped talent and underutilized passion around us than we can comprehend. Some talent needs training and some passion needs probing. But for those on the sidelines who are prepped and ready to go, who amongst us could we be overlooking or failing to cultivate? I constantly wrestle with that profound question and struggle with ways to get those very same passionate advocates to trust us enough to realize that we want them to come on board and to contribute!
We are nine months away from, what I believe, a transformational election on the issue of the Second Amendment. We cannot do this without the help of everyone who cares deeply about freedom and I find that as leaders, we are inclined to lean on the same people who continually come through for us. We can easily depend on the same few talented individuals we have equipped and empowered that we forget about the untapped potential around us. We can no longer afford that luxury or liability.
Unlike Hollywood, there is no white knight coming over the hill and we are only deluding ourselves if we believe that. This fight is for us to win or lose ourselves and we will be judged by history as to the success of our commitment.
Please understand that the intent of this article is to make everyone aware of the dire circumstances that we are in and the importance of all of us rising to the challenge. As FOAC members, I see our role as being leaders, all of us, in reaching out to local gun owners and freedom advocates to seek their involvement. FOAC members have already established their commitment but we need those around us to understand and grasp the importance of the challenges we face! If we can help you be more effective or you want us to come and talk to your gun club or a local group please do let us know! If you see a town hall meeting where these issues could be brought up and you want to educate them please try to attend. If you need materials or information that will help you please let us know! We will do everything in our power to assist you in standing up and getting involved and that includes working the polls and helping candidates not only understand the issues but be victorious in the primary and general election. Put simply, we can’t do it without you!
FOAC Member – Josh First – Writes (published Op-Ed):
An armed Jew is a safer Jew and not a perpetual victim. Just ask young Israelis: Opinion
Though I live in Pennsylvania, I am a Jew and therefore I share an equal stake in the outcome of Delaware's ridiculous and now partisan debate about whether Jews should be the world's constant victims, or not.
I vote for "not."
State Sen. Dave Lawson correctly stated a simple belief held by many American Jews, namely that an armed Jew is a safer Jew. If the Jews of Europe held on to firearms, they could have more easily conducted tactical retreats to safer places (America, Israel, Russia, eastern Poland) in the early parts of the Nazi extermination program, as well as more effective subsequent partisan resistance from the forests of Poland.
Lawson also has ample company with many young Israelis, whose initial response to "holocaust education" is to ask, "Why didn't you get guns to defend yourselves?" Among the world's most-armed Jews today, purposefully defenseless victim Jews is an incomprehensible choice, a dereliction of duty to survive, to resist.
Plenty of historians, especially military historians, would support Lawson's contention that armed minorities are safer minorities. At Penn State University I was an undergraduate intern in classes about the history of Nazism and fascism with Professor Jackson Spielvogel and Modern Middle East History with professor Arthur Goldschmidt.
In my opinion, the study of the Nazi Holocaust, basic Jewish history, as well as American history supports Lawson's concerns. Not to mention the more modern case studies of Rwanda, the Balkans, modern Ukraine and other places, where disarmed minorities have had few options but to die on their knees or in their beds.
Despite annually celebrating the intensely militaristic Jewish holidays of Purim and Chanuka, which both laud the successes of heavily armed Jewish soldiers and Jewish civilian militias against overwhelming force, liberal American Jews have ironically chosen the path of perennial victimhood.
In politically correct America if you aren't some sort of victim, you aren't anything. So a lot of liberal Jews have sought to cast all Jews as the victim par excellence, disarmed and completely devoid of any manly or defensive abilities.
Well, not in my name, you don't!
Liberal Jews and liberal politicians do not speak for me, and not just because their political views are completely the opposite of what our Torah says and what the US Constitution says.
As an American, I am offended that they would strip me and my Christian neighbors of our Second Amendment freedoms, brilliantly designed in 1787 for the express purpose of preventing government-led pogroms against freedom-loving citizens.
Lawson is correct that disarming Jews only makes us more vulnerable to future tyrants, because if today's politically correct tyrants have their way, all civil liberties will be removed.
The only barrier to that is an armed citizenry.
One Sen. Lawson alone is a better friend to American Jews than all of the liberal Jewish establishment leaders combined together because they would have us all be sad victims dead on our knees, while Lawson would have us be free men.
— Josh First, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania
(Ed. Note: Josh is also a plaintiff in the FOAC lawsuit against Harrisburg)
Pennsylvania Legislative Bullet Points:
- Anti-Gun Sen. Santarsiero introduces bill to REPEAL Castle Doctrine Law: SB1025
- Anti-gun Rep. Carolyn Comitta introduces bill to REPEAL Firearm Preemption law and allow local gun laws: HB2291
The ONE Court Case That Expanded Government Power Nearly Limitlessly - Wickard v. Filburn
The Constitution creates a government of enumerated powers, which means the federal government is only authorized to do things that are specifically listed in the Constitution. And that list is relatively short. The list appears in Article One, Section Eight and enumerates the proper objects of congressional legislation. Congress can:
- borrow money, coin money, regulate its value, and punish counterfeiters
- regulate commerce with foreign nations, among the states, and with Indian tribes
- establish rules for naturalization and bankruptcy
- establish Post Offices and Post Roads
- issue patents and copyrights
- establish courts inferior to the Supreme Court
- punish pirates
- suppress insurrections, repel invasions, declare war, raise an army, maintain a navy, and make rules for the army and navy
- organize the Militia (leaving to the states the appointment of officers and the authority of training the Militias)
That’s it. This is all the Constitution permits the federal government to do.
Consider the United States’ ill-advised flirtation with Prohibition—which was enacted almost exactly 100 years ago. Nowhere in the Article One, Section Eight powers does one see the authority to “ban the manufacture, transport, or sales of alcohol within the United States.” When Americans decided that they wanted a coast-to-coast ban on alcohol, they amended the Constitution to give the federal government this authority. Fourteen dry years later, Americans came to their senses and revoked this authority by amending the Constitution again. The 21st Amendment was the only amendment ever ratified for the purpose of undoing a previous amendment. But notice the difficulties that honest people faced when trying to accomplish a pervasive political goal.
Constitutionally Limited Federal Government
As of 1933, when the 21st Amendment was ratified, Americans still had a constitutionally limited federal government and what Justice Louis Brandeis famously called “laboratories of democracy” in the states. The purpose of limiting the federal government’s authority so severely was to put the lion’s share of governance in state hands. Each state would govern somewhat differently and, in so doing, the nation would be a huge experiment in democracy.
States that governed well would gain businesses and population. States that governed poorly would lose. By observing what other states did well, each state could learn how to govern better. By losing businesses and population, each state would have an incentive to act on what it learned. The “laboratories of democracy” brought to Americans’ political lives what market competition brought to their economic lives.
But who ended up being tasked with deciding what Article One, Section Eight actually meant? Herein lies the wrinkle that enables all manner of constitutional mischief in the United States. The institution that ended up deciding what the federal government is empowered to do is itself a branch of the federal government. And it should come as no surprise that when push comes to shove, the Supreme Court routinely finds in favor of empowering the federal government.
This sort of mischief flowered fully in the decade following ratification of the 21st Amendment. In 1942, the Supreme Court decided a case, Wickard v. Filburn, in which farmer Roscoe Filburn ran afoul of a federal law that limited how much wheat he was allowed to grow.
A careful reader might, and should, ask where the federal government’s right to legislate the wheat market is to be found—because the word “wheat” is nowhere to be found in the Constitution. Be that as it may, the federal government’s aim was clear enough. It was to keep the price of wheat high enough for farmers to remain profitable. The Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938 put an upper limit on how much wheat farmers were allowed to grow, which would serve to keep prices high by limiting supply.
The mental gymnastics that went into this ruling made just about any activity interstate commerce by definition. Since Wickard, any time Congress has wanted to exercise power not authorized by the Constitution, lawmakers have simply had to make an argument that links whatever they want to accomplish to interstate commerce. Why? Because they know they can get away with it.
The sad result has been a government nearly limitless in its power. Sadder still is what this has done to our elections: Every four years, the American people ask candidates for more things neither the president nor Congress is constitutionally authorized to deliver. And this encourages a brand of candidate to run for office who is willing to ignore the Constitution in exchange for winning elections.
The first step to stopping this process lies in reading, understanding, and applying the Constitution of the United States. This means, first and foremost, placing the legislative function in the hands of Congress alone and taking seriously Article One, Section Eight.
It means, in short, limiting government again.
Crime Prevention Research Center on Media Lies:
We have spent a little bit of extra time collecting more examples of how television shows provide a biased view of guns. Television shows denigrate the notion of teachers carrying guns and continue an obsession with the idea that criminals are always using machine guns.
How People are Misled by Legislation: Example “The Trafficking Reduction And Criminal Enforcement Act-HR4255”
One of the biggest perennial red lines 2nd Amendment supporters have drawn is the registration of firearms – and anti-2A extremists have known that for a long time. So, they try to find ways to sneak registration – or at least the groundwork for registration – past those who defend Second Amendment rights. One such bill trying to do that is HR 4255, the Trafficking Reduction And Criminal Enforcement (TRACE) Act, introduced by Rep. Mike Quigley (D-IL).
In a release, Quigley claims his legislation is intended to help reduce gun trafficking by “improving gun tracking data.” One of the provisions that is intended to do so is the requirement that the gun’s serial number be also placed in a hidden location inside the firearm’s receiver. This is similar to the practice of hiding a car’s VIN – the purpose being to combat auto theft by making efforts to alter or wipe out the VIN moot. The legislation also requires dealers to do physical checks of their inventory. It should be noted that stealing firearms and altering or eliminating serial numbers are already prohibited by 18 USC 922.
Now, it does make sense for those who exercise their Second Amendment rights to take measures to safeguard against theft, and if their firearms are stolen (which, sadly, happens) to also have measures that can ensure their return if recovered. That being said, often, those measures are best left up to the individual gun owners and firearms manufacturers. One-size fits all government mandates don't work.
That being said, to those who don’t follow Second Amendment issues closely, those parts of the legislation seem reasonable. However, it is a very bad piece of legislation. Quigley’s bill has received the support of the Brady Campaign, Everytown, and the Violence Policy Center. That’s because Quigley’s legislation goes further than the hidden serial number and the physical inventory checks.
It also repeals the Tiahrt Amendment, which prohibits the retention of record from the National Instant Check System (NICS). Quigley’s legislation would permit the retention to take place for 180 days – roughly six months. Lots of mischief would take place. Quigley’s legislation would also require FFLs to report their inventories to the government. In other words, the government would be keeping a lot of data on aw-abiding Americans.
Why? It’s about carrying out the strategy Nelson “Pete” Shields revealed long ago: “The first problem is to slow down the increasing number of handguns being produced and sold in this country. The second is to get handguns registered. And the final problem is to make the possession of all handguns and all handgun ammunition – except for the military, policemen, licensed security guards, licensed sporting clubs, and licensed gun collectors – totally illegal.”
Of course, there are already very tough laws for misusing firearms. For instance, a convicted felon in possession of a stolen gun with an altered or obliterated serial number faces 25 years in prison according to the provisions of 18 USC 922 and 18 USC 924.
Second Amendment supporters should take the time to contact their Representative and Senators and politely urge them to oppose this legislation. When it comes to dealing with the misuse of firearms, registration is not and has NEVER been the answer.
Subject: PA Gov. Wolf’s Budget Address focuses on turning Pennsylvania citizens into Criminals and eviscerating Article 1, Section 21 (Pennsylvania Constitution) as is happening in Virginia:
FOAC in the Media:
- FOAC Challenges Polk Township Preemption Ordinance Effort: https://foac-pac.org/Pennsylvania-Preemption:-Polk-Township-Gets-Pushback-On-Gun-Ordinance/News-Item/10724
- FOAC Challenge to Manheim Township Preemption violating ordinance results in township rescinding proposed law: https://foac-pac.org/Pennsylvania:-Manheim-Twp-Gun-shop-free-Zones-Proposal-Nixed/News-Item/10692
VIDEO OF THE WEEK: Who are WE as a People? This video is a thought-provoking capsule of time reviewing the sacrifices by past generations to create a nation of 'free men and women' and to lay the foundations of that Freedom for all eternity as well as the threats from within and without!! https://foac-pac.org/Videos/37
Gun Control Quote of the Week: Iowa State Sen. Claire Celsi Threatens Citizen and to Take Guns by Force:
1st Point to Ponder: Larry Mudgett recently presented to the Utah Republican Women’s Liberty Caucus on Gun Control & the 2nd Amendment. Mudgett is a renowned, Retired LAPD SWAT Team officer, Vietnam Combat Veteran, and a Utah Concealed Carry Instructor with a strong presentation on the 2nd Amendment, the fallacies of Red Flag Laws, Due Process, and what we can do as citizens to protect ourselves and our families.
2nd Point to Ponder: Commentator Chris Matthews on Socialism: "I have an attitude towards [communist Cuban dictator Castro], I believe that if Castro and the reds had won the Cold War, there would have been executions in Central Park, and I might have been one of the ones being executed!" he continued. https://www.theblaze.com/news/chris-matthews-goes-off-on-socialism-on-msnbc
3rd Point to Ponder: Nikki Goeser (of CPRC) appeared in an excellent interview with Kibbe on Liberty to discuss the right that women have to defend themselves. The interview played on several different platforms, including the Blaze TV. https://crimeresearch.org/2020/01/kibbe-on-liberty-women-have-a-right-to-defend-themselves-nikki-goeser-on-her-new-book/
Founding Father’s Statement on Freedom: "If the federal government should overpass the just bounds of its authority and make a tyrannical use of its powers, the people, whose creature it is, must appeal to the standard they have formed, and take such measures to redress the injury done to the Constitution as the exigency may suggest and prudence justify." Alexander Hamilton (1788)
Yours in Freedom!
Kim Stolfer, President
**As a reminder, every gun owner can participate in the February 9, 2020 FOAC Monthly meeting from any PC, Mac, Linux, iOS or Android phone by clicking on the link below:
Join from PC, Mac, Linux, iOS or Android: https://zoom.us/j/256368963
One-tap Mobile: US: +19292056099,, 256368963# US (New York)
Dial by location: +1 929 205 6099 US (New York)
Meeting ID: 256 368 963
Find your local number: https://zoom.us/u/adSioEAVyf
- FBI Data: Violent Crime Continues to Fall While Legislatures Move to Ban Assault Weapons
Crime continued to decline in the first half of 2019, according to new preliminary data published by the FBI. Violent crimes dropped by 3.1 percent compared to January-June 2018 and property crime fell by 5.6 percent. Looking at violent crimes, the decline was seen in every region and follows decreases in 2018 and 2017. more
- Pennsylvania: Here's Where Illegal Guns Are in Philly
Plastic bags covered the rifle as the federal agent got into the car. more
- American Communists Call for a Violent Takeover. . and the American People are Ready for Them
It is uncomfortable to face violent threats. We endure that discomfort because it is better to face them than run from them. Communists in the US have flocked to Senator Bernie Sanders’ campaign, and the things they want to do are horrible. more
- PA Gov Wants GOP-Led Legislature To Capitulate On Guns :: 02/06/2020
Pennsylvania Governor Tom Wolf is no friend of gun owners. He made that abundantly clear when he stood by Pittsburgh Mayor Bill Peduto when the mayor stated his intention to ignore state law and to pass gun control within his city. Wolfe did nothing and offered nothing but support, which is all you really need to know about the Democrat. more
- Pennsylvania Preemption: Polk Township gets pushback on gun ordinance
The Polk Township supervisors received a letter Tuesday morning threatening legal action if they continue to pursue its proposed firearms ordinance. more
- Anti-Gun Activists Fail To Get Gun Ban On FL's 2020 Ballot
Despite national media attention and the deep pockets of a handful of donors, anti-gun groups like March For Our Lives and Ban Assault Weapons Now have failed in their efforts to get a so-called “assault weapons ban” referendum on the 2020 ballot in Florida. The Sun-Sentinel newspaper in south Florida reports that the activists needed to collect about 766,000 valid signatures to place the referendum on the ballot, but came up hundreds of thousands of signatures short. more
- Bloomberg Enjoys Armed Guards While Fighting to Disarm Americans
Billionaire Democrat presidential hopeful Mike Bloomberg is a staunch proponent of gun control for America with one caveat–he gets to spend his days surrounded by good guys with guns to keep him safe. more
- Stand Your Ground Laws and Firearm Homicides
We haven’t reviewed much research lately, which is DRGO’s raison d’être. So let’s take a look at a study presented in October at the American College of Surgeons’ annual meeting’s Scientific Forum. “Stand Your Ground: Policy and Trends in Firearm-Related Justifiable Homicide and Homicide in the US” by Marc Levy et al tries to show whether the spread of Stand Your Ground laws has increased even non-justified firearm homicides. more
- Psychiatrist Shows Why "Mental Health Screenings" Won't Fly
One idea that anti-gunners often try to push is to require mental health screenings before people are allowed to purchase a firearm. Their argument is that this will keep the disturbed–people such as potential mass shooters–from being able to buy firearms but shouldn’t impact the rest of us in the least. more
- DRGO-Gun Control is Bad Medicine
Dr. Patrick Neustatter recently penned an op-ed for the Fredricksburg Star supporting typical “common sense” gun control legislation. I feel for my colleague because I too once believed the medical mythology that guns were bad and needed to be “eradicated.” Over the past year — I celebrate my first guniversary next week — I’ve opened my Hippocratic eyes to actual facts and figures and have reached the conclusion that “Guns save lives.” more
- Westmoreland County residents attend concealed carry seminar, obtain gun permits
As presidential hopeful Michael Bloomberg prepares to air an $11 million Super Bowl commercial touting gun control, more than 100 Westmoreland County residents who want to legally carry a gun in public came out Saturday to learn how. more
- Anti-Gun States Sue to Stop First Amendment, Impose Controls on Firearms Information
Arizona -(Ammoland.com)- On 23 January 2020, state Attorney Generals from California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Hawaii, Illinois, Maine, Maryland Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Virginia, and Washington, as well as the District of Columbia, filed a lawsuit against various officials in the State Department and the Commerce Department to prevent transfer of some items now under State Department regulation and the International Transfer in Arms Regulations (ITAR) to the Commerce Department. more
- New Lawsuit Takes On Illinois State Police Over FOID Card Issues
Illinois requires every gun owner in the state to possess a Firearms Owner ID card before they can legally possess a gun, but the state police have been mired in delays that have left thousands of gun owners in limbo as their existing cards expire or they await approval before purchasing a gun. Compounding the problem is the fact that Democrats in the state legislature have been apparently raiding the FOID card fund, taking out millions of dollars that could have been spent to ensure the system was actually operating in a functional manner. more
- Can a DUI conviction in Pa. prevent you from having a gun? Yes, divided U.S. court says
Can a drunken driving conviction in Pennsylvania trigger a lifelong federal ban on possessing a gun? more
- Over 30 Florida local governments sue state, seek ability to regulate firearms
TALLAHASSEE, Fla. -- In a state well-known for its competitive political races and heated debates, one issue that continues to be fiercely discussed in Florida is that of gun control and 2nd Amendment rights. more
- N.J. pays Second Amendment group (NJ2AS) another $87,500 totaling $230,000 in legal victories!
For the third time, NJ paid our legal fees for another Second Amendment legal victory. This brings the total that New Jersey paid to NJ2AS $230,000 in legal awards. more
- Virginia's highest court upholds weapons ban at gun rally
RICHMOND, Va. (AP) — Virginia's highest court on Friday upheld a ban on firearms at an upcoming pro-gun rally in the state's capital, an event that authorities feared could erupt in violence at the hands of armed extremists. more
- Ohio Self-Defense: Man shoots attacker in self-defense in Cleveland's Slavic Village neighborhood, police say
CLEVELAND, Ohio -- A 24-year-old man suffered a gunshot wound after he attacked another man on the street Tuesday afternoon in the city’s Slavic Village neighborhood, police said. more
- Florida Self-Defense: Victims thank good Samaritan who helped save their lives by opening fire at the man chasing them
A big “thank you” to a good Samaritan who helped save the lives of four people. more
- Pennsylvania Self-Defense: Armed robber fatally shot at strip mall in case of self defense, Lehigh County DA says
The person pronounced dead in an armed robbery and shooting Thursday night in Allentown was the perpetrator of a robbery spree, authorities announced. more
- Pennsylvania Self-Defense: Boy Justified In Fatal Stabbing Of Home Invasion Suspect In Allentown
ALLENTOWN, N.J. (AP) – A juvenile who fatally stabbed a man who was attempting a home invasion robbery was justified in using deadly force because he acted in self-defense, authorities have determined. Luis Nieves, 48, forced open the door of an Allentown home around 5:30 p.m. Sunday and started attacking the youth, who lived in the home, according to the Lehigh County District Attorney’s office. more
- California Self-Defense: Homeowner catches burglar in the act, holds him at gunpoint until officers arrive
SANGER, Calif. (FOX26) — Sanger Police say a homeowner caught a burglar in his home, and held him a gunpoint until officers arrived. more
- Indiana Self-Defense: Police: Man says he shot teen in self-defense
ANDERSON — A teenager was in serious condition Friday after he was shot multiple times by a man who said the teen was trying to rob him at gunpoint. more
- Mississippi Self-Defense: Investigators: Boyfriend charged after shooting girlfriend during Madison Co. home invasion
- Pennsylvania Self-Defense: Allentown pizza shop shooting latest in recent self-defense killings in the Lehigh Valley
The first two homicides in Allentown happened within days of each other this week, and authorities now believe both killings may have been the result of victims protecting themselves, fighting back and using deadly force. more